How Did My Child Get Sickle Cell Trait?

Can you donate blood if you have sickle cell trait?

Is it safe for people with sickle cell trait to donate blood.

Yes.

If you have sickle cell trait, you are still are able to donate blood.

There is no evidence to suggest that donating blood causes any additional risk of harm or injury to people with sickle cell trait..

Does sickle cell trait cause iron deficiency?

The prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia defined as the coexistence of Hb below 13 g/dl in adult males and below 12 in adult females and children with two laboratory indicators of iron deficiency, was 10.3% in the normal population as against 1.3% in the sickle cell trait group (P less than 0.008).

How is sickle cell trait diagnosed?

For older children and adults, a doctor can diagnose sickle cell trait with a simple blood test. This involves taking a blood sample from the end of the finger or a vein in the arm and sending it to a laboratory for analysis. Insurance often covers testing for sickle cell trait.

Is Sickle cell trait a disease?

Sickle cell trait (SCT) is not a disease, but having it means that a person has inherited the sickle cell gene from one of his or her parents. People with SCT usually do not have any of the symptoms of sickle cell disease (SCD) and live a normal life.

How common is sickle cell trait?

Sickle cell trait is an inherited blood disorder that affects 1 million to 3 million Americans and 8 to 10 percent of African Americans. Sickle cell trait can also affect Hispanics, South Asians, Caucasians from southern Europe, and people from Middle Eastern countries.

Can you get sickle cell trait later in life?

Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder usually diagnosed at birth. Most people with the disease begin to show symptoms by 4 months of age or shortly thereafter. Adult sickle cell disease can cause the same signs and symptoms as in children.

Can a child have sickle cell trait if neither parent has it?

Your child would have to inherit two sickle cell genes to have sickle cell disease. So if your child’s father does not have the sickle cell gene, your child can’t get sickle cell disease.

Does sickle cell trait weaken your immune system?

Sickle cells can damage your spleen, the organ that helps fight germs as part of your immune system. That can make you more likely to get pneumonia and other infections.

Who carries the sickle cell trait?

Sickle cell trait (also known as being a carrier) occurs when a person has one gene for sickle hemoglobin and one gene for normal hemoglobin. Approximately one in ten African-Americans carries sickle cell trait. People who are carriers generally do not have any medical problems and lead normal lives.

What blood type is sickle cell trait?

People who have these forms of SCD inherit one sickle cell gene (“S”) and one gene from an abnormal type of hemoglobin (“D”, “E”, or “O”). Hemoglobin is a protein that allows red blood cells to carry oxygen to all parts of the body. The severity of these rarer types of SCD varies.

Can you get rid of sickle cell trait?

Stem cell or bone marrow transplants are the only cure for sickle cell disease, but they’re not done very often because of the significant risks involved. Stem cells are special cells produced by bone marrow, a spongy tissue found in the centre of some bones. They can turn into different types of blood cells.

How does sickle cell trait affect you?

Sickle cell disease affects the red blood cells. People with SCD have defective hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of red blood cells. This impaired hemoglobin causes the red blood cells, which are normally flattened disks, to become crescent shaped. The cells look like a sickle, a tool used in farming.

Can a sickle cell trait patient take iron supplements?

Taking iron supplements will not help people with sickle cell disease. This type of anemia is not caused by too little iron in the blood; it’s caused by not having enough red blood cells.

How does a child get sickle cell trait?

To inherit sickle cell trait, a child must get the sickle (S) gene from one parent and a normal gene (A) from the other parent (Picture 1). If a child inherits the sickle (S) gene from one parent and a sickle (S) or other abnormal hemoglobin gene* from the other parent, the child will have sickle cell disease.

Can sickle cell trait skip a generation?

Sickle cell can only be passed on from parents to children. It is not contagious and it cannot skip a generation. The likelihood of having it depends on how many SC genes one or both parents have.

How long can you live with sickle cell trait?

With a national median life expectancy of 42–47 years, people with sickle cell disease (SCD) face many challenges, including severe pain episodes, stroke, and organ damage.

What is the difference between sickle cell disease and sickle cell trait?

What is the difference between sickle cell trait and sickle cell disease? People with sickle cell trait carry only one copy of the altered hemoglobin gene and rarely have any clinical symptoms related to the disease. In contrast, people with sickle cell disease carry two copies of the altered hemoglobin gene.

What if one parent has sickle cell trait?

What are the chances of having a baby with sickle cell trait? When ONE parent has sickle cell trait and the other parent has normal hemoglobin the child may inherit: two normal hemoglobin genes, or. one normal hemoglobin gene and one sickle cell gene.

Does sickle cell trait affect breathing?

A lung infection or sickle cells blocking blood vessels in your lungs can cause this life-threatening complication, resulting in chest pain, fever and difficulty breathing.